Cookie definition. They are strings of text of small dimensions that the sites visited by the user send to their terminal (usually the browser), where they are stored before being re-transmitted to the same sites at the next visit by the same user. While browsing a site, the user can also receive cookies on his terminal that are sent from different websites or web servers (so-called "third parties"), on which some elements may reside (such as images, maps, sounds, specific links to pages of other domains) present on the site that the same is visiting.
Cookies are then divided into "session" and "persistent", the former once downloaded are then deleted when the browser is closed, and the latter are stored on the user's / visitor's hard drive until they expire.
Persistent cookies are mainly used to facilitate site navigation, to understand which sections of the site have generated a certain number of pages and users, and to deliver advertising formats.
Session cookies are intended to speed up the analysis of Internet traffic and facilitate users’ access to the services offered by the site, with their use no personal data is transmitted or acquired and no user tracking systems are used. Session cookies are mainly used during authentication, authorization and navigation in the services which are accessed through a registration”.
Profiling cookies: used to lead back to specific, identified or identifiable subjects, specific actions or behavioural patterns recurring in the use of the functions offered, so that it is possible for the owner, among other things, to modulate the provision of the service in a more and more personalized way beyond what is strictly necessary to provide the service, as well as send targeted advertising messages, that is in line with the preferences expressed by the user in the context of surfing the net.
First-party cookies: readable only by the domain that created them.
Third-party cookies: created by domains external to this site. The software, used for the site and platform, creates a cookie per user to generate usage statistics.
In any case, you also have other options to browse without cookies
The instructions for disabling cookies for the main browsers can be found on the following web pages:
Block third-party cookies
Third-party cookies are generally not essential for browsing, so you can reject them by default, through specific functions of your browser according to the instructions at the links indicated above.
Activate the Do Not Track option
The Do Not Track option is present in most of the latest generation browsers. When activated, websites designed to respect this option should automatically stop collecting some of your browsing data. As mentioned, however, not all websites are set up to respect this option (discretionary).
Activate the "anonymous browsing" mode
Using this function, you can browse without leaving a trace of the browsing data in the browser. The sites will not remember you, the pages you visit will not be stored in the history and the new cookies will be deleted.
However, the anonymous browsing function does not guarantee anonymity on the Internet, because it only serves not to keep browsing data in the browser, while your browsing data will continue to remain available to website operators and connectivity providers.
Delete cookies directly
There are specific functions to do this in all browsers. However, remember that new cookies are downloaded every time you connect to the Internet, so the deletion operation should be performed periodically. If desired, some browsers offer automated systems for the periodic deletion of cookies.